Prepare Your Data
When you connect your database to GoodData, the schema of your database is then used inside a workspace to automatically generate a the logical data model (LDM). The LDM is what ultimately determines your analytical options when you build visualizations and dashboards.
To ensure the LDM is generated successfuly, we recommend you consider:
Supported Data Types
Make sure that the columns that you want to include in the model have the supported data types assigned. The data types are validated using the JDBC data types. To find out how the JDBC data types are mapped to the data types in your database, refer to documentation for your specific database.
GoodData supports the following JDBC data types:
Columns with an unsupported data type (for example, when the
UUID database data type is mapped to the
OTHER JDBC data type) are skipped and not included in the LDM.
Recommended Naming Conventions
We recommend you name the columns in your tables a certain way by adding a specific prefix to each column name. Columns with these prefixes will be automatically converted to a specific type of field when a dataset is created:
|Workspace Data Filter|
The prefixes are not case-sensitive.
If these prefixes are absent, your columns will be mapped using the default configuration. You can always re-map your fields (columns) manually by going to the View details → Data mapping tab for each one of the datasets.
Create Your Own Naming Convention
You can define your own prefixes (including the separator, it does not have to be
__) when creating a logical data model using the API or Python SDK. See:
In the table above, a double underscore (
__) is used as a separator between prefixes and entity names, or between separate sections of reference names and label names. Note that in an API request for generating the LDM you can define any string as a separator.
We recommend that the string you want to use as a separator be as unique as possible. Consider the situation when you use an underscore (
_) as a separator and you have a column named
referencePrefix_table_1_fk_column. This column name cannot be split into three sections as it would be required (
Naming Conventions vs. Referential Integrity
Do not apply the naming conventions to the columns that are used as or are included in a primary key or a foreign key in your database. Such columns will be interpreted as grains and references based on referential integrity (see Default Configuration).
How Is LDM Derived
When a declarative definition of the LDM is generated, certain rules are applied that affect how LDM entities are created based on the database. Understanding these rules will help you adjust your database and make the process of generating the LDM smoother and more accurate.
By default, entities for the LDM are derived from the database based on data types assigned to table columns and referential integrity in the database.
|LDM Entity||Expected Database Entity|
Date and timestamp table columns must be of the
TIMESTAMP (TZ) data type to be imported as a date dataset. String columns cannot be imported as date datasets.
The default configuration has the following limitations:
- It always reads the whole database; you cannot select just a part of the database to read.
- It cannot detect advanced LDM entities such as attribute labels.
- It cannot generate facts from columns with the
- It cannot generate grains and references if referential integrity is not maintained in the database.
- It cannot generate proper LDM entities (such as facts, labels, and so on) from columns with incorrectly defined data types.
To overcome these limitations, use the naming conventions in your database to make sure that entities are identified and interpreted correctly regardless of the column data types and referential integrity.
Entity Names in the Generated LDM
In the generated LDM, entity names and descriptions are generated based on the corresponding column names. To make an entity name more human-readable, the following happens when the entity name is injected into the LDM:
- The prefix is removed from the name.
- The first character is upper-cased.
- Any non-alphanumeric character is replaced by a space.
|Column Name in DB||Entity ID in LDM||Entity Name in LDM|
Duplicate label IDs may be generated for different columns in the same table in the database (and eventually for different labels in the corresponding dataset in the LDM).
For example, both
lineitem.ls__supplier_id__url will be transformed into
While an LDM with duplicate label IDs can be generated, publishing this LDM will fail.
To avoid this situation, make sure that the base label names distinguish from each other, for example:
lineitem.ls__customer_id__urlso that the label ID is generated as
lineitem.ls__supplier_id__urlso that the label ID is generated as